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Hungai tongxian tushuo 渾蓋通憲圖說. [JapSin II, 58]
AuthorLi Zhizao 李之藻, 1565-1630
Pub. LocationTaibei Shi 臺北市PublisherTaiwan xuesheng shuju 臺灣學生書局
Date1965Phys. Desc.vol.3, pp.
LocationDigital ArchivesCall NumberBX880.L5 1965x v.3
Jap.Sin. II, 58
Hun’gai tongxian tushuo = Hun kai t’ung hsien t’u shuo 渾蓋通憲圖說
By Li Zhizao 李之藻 (zi 振之, 我存, hao 涼庵, 存園寄叟, 1565-1630)
Two juan and a preliminary juan. White bamboo paper, two ce in a paper case. No date or place of publication.
The cover bears a blue label with the title in Chinese and a Latin inscription: “De planisphaerio | a doctore christiano | Li chi yao, 2 tomi (1607).”
There is a preface by Li Zhizao himself (six folios), dated Wanli 35 (1607) “萬曆疆園叶洽之歲日躔在軫仁和李之藻振之甫書於栝蒼洞天,” at the end of which there are three wooden carved seals in seal style: 行河使者, 李之藻印 and 戊戌會魁 (high placed jinshi of 1598). There is also a postscript in two and one-half folios by Fan Liangshu 樊良樞 of Yuzhang 豫章 (Jiangxi), at the end of which two wooden carved seals are given: 良樞 and 致虛.
The first folio of the preliminary juan gives the title of the book, the number of the juan, the names of the author: 浙西李之藻演 and of the reviser: 漳南鄭懷魁 (Zheng Huaikui of Zhangzhou, Fujian). The same indications are given in juan A and juan B.
Each half folio consists of nine columns with eighteen characters. Commentaries are given in double lines and in smaller type. The texts are accompanied by illustrations and diagrams. The title of the book is given in the middle of each folio and the number of the juan and of the folios are given below the fish-tail. The preliminary juan consists of nine folios, juan A of thirty-seven folios (folios 35–36 are missing) and juan B of fifty folios.

Pfister (p. 39, no. 16) gives this as the work of Matteo Ricci. But from the preface of Li Zhizao it appears that Li studied the matter under Ricci, while he was in Peking. He probably took notes from Ricci and then wrote his treatise when he was on his way to Fujian. Li did not follow exactly what he had learned from Ricci, rather he added something of his own. Hence he used the word yan 演 to denote that the treatise was expounded by him. The original work that Ricci used was the Astrolabium by Christopher Clavius, published in Rome in 1593. This book is to be found in the Beitang Library (Verhaeren, no. 1291). It was a gift from the author to Ricci. On the title page one still can see the autograph of the author: “P. Mathaeo Riccio donum auctoris | alla China.” See also Fang Hao 1966, pp. 48–49 and id., 1969, pp. 54–62.
It is to be noted that according to Pfister (p. 157, no. 8) Johann Terrenz [Schreck] wrote a book that bears the same title: 渾蓋通憲圖說 Hoen kai t’ong hien t’ou chouo, Abrégé des calculs à faire pour les éclipses solaires, édité par Li Tche tsao, 3 vol., Pékin.”
This book was published in the Tianxue chuhan 天學初函 and also copied into the Siku quanshu 四庫全書 and the Shoushange congshu 守山閣叢書 .
Cf. Feng 1938, p. 53; Hsü 1949, pp. 263–264; SKTY 3:2184–2185; Courant 4899–4900.

Subject(s)Spherical astronomy--China--Early works to 1800
Astrolabes--Early works to 1800
Astronomical instruments--China--History
Rec. TypeBook (Photocopy)LanguageChinese 中文
CollectionRicci Institute LibraryRec. #11408