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Xinli xiaohuo 新曆曉或. [Jap-Sin II, 39.6-39.7]
AuthorSchall von Bell, Johann Adam 湯若望, 1592-1666
Pub. Location---Publisher---
Daten.d.Phys. Desc.1 juan in 1 ce.
Full bibliographic citation see: Ad Dudink & Nicolas Standaert, Chinese Christian Texts Database (CCT-Database).

JapSin II, 39.6
Xinli xiaohuo 新曆曉或
By Tang Ruowang 湯若望 (Johann Adam Schall von Bell).
One juan. Bamboo paper, one ce. No date or place of publication.

The cover bears a label with the title and a Latin inscription: “Solutiones objectionum | circa Astrononiam | Europaeam | a p. Adamo Schall.”
Folio 1 gives the title and the author’s name: 修政曆法湯若望著. There is a very brief introduction in verse: 曆頌時憲,正朔維新,爰欽妥若,萬世用遵,義開肇造,或懼黎民,設為問答,與之只論,作曉或,凡六條.
There are nine columns in each half folio with twenty characters in the first column of each paragraph, and nineteen in the rest of the paragraph. Annotations are given in smaller types and in double lines. The title of the book and the number of the folio are given in the middle of each folio. The whole book consists of eleven folios.
Folio 9a–11a contains an appendix (附摘), which deals with the direction of the Astronomical Bureau under Ferdinand Verbiest in the eighth year of Kangxi (1669). This was three years after the death of Schall. On the top margin of folio 11a there is an inscription in the handwriting of Antoine Thomas (1644–1709) which reads:
Ego infrascriptus Vice-Provlis Soctis Jesu | Vice-Provae Sinensis testor hoc exemplar Li | belli huius esse legitimum; uti et subscriptiones | duorum mandarinorum tribunalis ma | thematici in quorum fidem hic | subscribo. Pekini 2a Octobris 1701 | Antonius Thomas.
At the side there is a seal with the emblem of the Society of Jesus in red. The two Chinese officials of the Astronomical Bureau who also signed with their own hands were Bao Yingqi and Sun Youben 欽天監左監副鮑英齊欽天監春官正孫有本謹對.
This book is entitled Xinli xiaohuo (Questions and answers on the new calendar). Its purpose is to make clear that the missioners who were working in the Astronomical Bureau dealt solely with the scientific side of the calendar. Therefore, all that concerns divination or superstitious beliefs about the eclipses of the sun or moon, or problems of geomancy have nothing to do with their offices.
For another copy, see Jap-Sin II, 39a.2; see also Jap-Sin II, 37 (ce 2, fol. 179 et seq.) and 39.7.

Cf. Pfister, p. 179, no. 10; Väth, p. 366, no. 17.
Source: Albert Chan, S.J., Chinese Books and Documents in the Jesuit Archives in Rome, pp. 328-329.

JapSin II, 39.7
Xinli xiaohuo 新曆曉或
By Tang Ruowang 湯若望 (Johann Adam Schall von Bell).
This is a duplicate of Jap-Sin II, 39.6.
Source: Albert Chan, S.J., Chinese Books and Documents in the Jesuit Archives in Rome, p. 329.

Subject(s)Calendar reform--China--History--Ming-Qing dynasties, 1368-1911--Sources
Calendar, Chinese--Western influences
Astronomy--China--Western influence
Rec. TypeBook (stitch-bound 線裝本)LanguageChinese 中文
CollectionARSIRec. #14656