|Huangdao zong xingtu 黃道總星圖 / Dai Jinxian 戴進賢 ; [Li Baiming 利白明].|
Alt. pinyin aggregation: Huangdao zongxing tu.
銅版. - 框 51,5 X 63 公分. - 圖下鐫 "大清雍正元年歲次癸卯 (1723)極西戴進賢立法利白明鐫".
Kögler’s 1723 Huangdao zong xingtu (variously "Two general maps of the stars relative to the ecliptic" ; "Tabula stella-rum universalis eclipticae 黃道總星圖" ; "Maps of the two hemispheres of heaven" ; etc.)
Digital file (high-resolution jpg) is from the Bavarian State Library. Please refer to BSB website
MDZ for information.
Local access dig.jpg. [Kogler-Huangdao.jpg]
Note: The following description refers to the solitary example with Latin transcriptions by Fr. Gaubil, not the BSB version. The notes below are for informational purposes only.
KOGLER, Ignatius 戴進賢 and MOGGI, Ferdinando Bonaventuri. 利白明
Chinese Star Map: 黃道總星圖 Huangdao zongxing tu. [Tabula stellarum universalis eclipticae] (北京 Peking, 内府1723).
圖下鐫 “大清雍正元年歲次癸卯 - 極西戴進賢立法利白明鐫”
Background: Maggs Bros. catalogue 1480, Sino-European Imprints of the 17th and 18th century
Twin-hemispherical stellar map by Ignatius (Ignz) Kögler (1680-1746) arrived in China 1716, reached Beijing 1717, assumed position in Imperial Observatory. 18th century Jesuits at the Observatory kept informed of scientific developments in Europe. … aware of the findings of Jesuit astronomer Giovanni Battista Riccioli (1598-1671, Bologna) on lunar features as well as his arguments concerning the motion of the earth. Isaac Newton (1642-1726) first calculated perturbing effect of the sun on relative motion of earth and moon and Kögler quickly updated the lunisolar tables in China. 1742 he published his findings in the compilation Lixiang kaocheng houbian 御製曆象考成後編 (Second part of the thorough Investigation of Calendrical Astronomy composed for the Emperor)……combined elements of
Kepler and Newton to form new mathematical principles underlying the motions of the sun and moon. In the lower center is an image of the moon clearly based on the findings of Riccioli. Ferdinando Bonaventuri Moggi (1694-1761) was a Florentine who studied art and architecture and it is likely
that he is the engraver of the plate which - although written in Chinese – bears all the hall-marks of European map design of the late 17th century. Moggi built several churches in China, but none have survived. This map is undoubtedly a nei-fu 内府 palace production.
Needham states in Hall of Heavenly Records (1986) that he saw the present map with Mr. Philipp Robinson in 1953 and goes on to say: “Mr Robinson informed us that the engraving… appeared among a number of original documents and holograph letters of Antoine Gaubil S.J. (1689-1759) [...] One of Gaubil’s letters encloses a letter, written in Latin by Kögler on 13 March 1726, which refers to this very star-map.” It is likely that the annotations on this map are by Gaubil himself, giving transcriptions of the names of the planets. The map incorporates lunar surface phenomena from Galileo, Giovanni Domenico Cassini (1625-1712) and Christaan Huygens (1629-1695)....
Provenance: The Clermont – Meerman – Sir Thomas Phillipps – Robinson copy.
Background: Sotheby’s, The Library of Philip Robinson, Part II, The China Collection (catalogue, 1988, Lot 92, p.87)
This chart is the original from which a large Korean astronomical screen was made in the Yi dynasty of the Chosŏn Kingdom of Seoul. It was among the papers of Fr. Antoine Gaubil, gving transcriptions of the names of the planets.
Several lots from this auction are held at the Ricci Institute.