|Lifanyuan and the management of population diversity in early Qing (1636-1795)|
|Pub. Location||Halle/Saale||Publisher||Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology|
|Date||2012||Phys. Desc.||pdf. [21 leaves :ill., color maps]|
|Location||Digital Archives||Call Number||DS754.14.C55 2012d|
|Lifanyuan and the management of population diversity in early Qing (1636-1795) / Chia Ning.|
Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology working papers, working paper no. 139.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 19-21).
A Lifanyuan-centered inquiry into Qing history raises statecraft-focused questions: which workings
of the Qing statecraft actually accomplished the integration of the Inner Asian people? How were
the tensions in the relationship between Inner Asia and the long-lasting dynastic center overcome?
This paper presents an analysis of Lifanyuan governance through ‘social systems’, on which the
center-periphery relations were built, and of Lifanyuan management of ‘social entities’, in which
the local Inner Asian communities were organized following their own conventions but under Qing
supervision. The banner system for the Mongols, the Dalai-amban system for the Tibetans inside
heartland Tibet, the tusi system for the Amdo Tibetans in Qinghai, and the beg system for the
Muslim Uighurs in Xinjiang preserved and sustained four types of social entities centered on each
people’s culture and identity. Considering the growing studies of borders and frontiers in relation to
concepts of nation, state, and empire-state, this study treats Lifanyuan as a historical “agent” in the
Qing Empire formation during the 17th and 18th centuries and discusses its long-term impact on
China reaching up to the 21st century.
Local access [Chia-Lifanyuan Diversity Management.pdf].