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Privileges for being slaves : Christian missionaries in the early Qing court
AuthorSwen, Litian
Pub. Location---Publisher---
Date2019Phys. Desc.pdf [257 p. : ill.]
LocationDigital ArchivesCall NumberBV3417.S946 2019d
Privileges for being slaves: Christian missionaries in the early Qing court / by Litian Swen.
Thesis (Ph.D., History)—-City University of New York, 2019.
Bibliography: p.244-257.

This dissertation works to elucidate the long-term confusion over the identity of the Christian fathers in the early Qing court. The identity for which this dissertation argues is straightforward: Christian fathers were identified by the Kangxi emperor as his family slaves. The master-slave relationship has long been overlooked because it was overshadowed by an overwhelming focus on the Jesuit Adam Schall, who entered the Manchu court as a Chinese-style minister. Shifting the focus from Schall, this dissertation starts by showing two seldom mentioned Jesuits, Ludovico Buglio and Gabriel de Magalhaens, who entered into Manchu service as slaves. It was, this dissertation shows, not Schall but Buglio, Magalhaens, and the network they built through their slave status that set the foundation for future Jesuits’ successful participation in the Manchu empire. With the master-slave relationship between Kangxi and the Christian fathers established, the fourth and fifth chapters examine Kangxi’s receptions of the two papal legations as family guests instead of as foreign embassies of state.
The identity of the Christian missionaries, this dissertation shows, determined both rise and fall of the Christian mission in the Kangxi and Yongzheng’s reigns.

Chapter 1: Jesuits’ Entrance as Slaves into the Manchu's World
Chapter 2: The Calendar Case 1664 and the Beijing Jesuits' Adjustment of Strategy
Chapter 3: The Jesuits' Identity in Kangxi's Court
Chapter 4: Kangxi, the Jesuits, and the First Papal Legation to China
Chapter 5: Kangxi's Fourteen-Year Wait and the Second Papal Legation
Chapter 6: Yongzheng's Prohibition of Christianity in 1724

Local access dig.pdf. [Swen-Privileges.pdf]

Subject(s)China--History--Kangxi 康熙, 1662-1722--Religious policy--Catholic Church
Manchus--Ethnic identity--History--17th-18th centuries
Catholic Church--China--History--Mezzabarba legation, 1720-1721
Catholic Church--China--History--Tournon legation, 1705-1710
Kangxi 康熙, Emperor of China, 1654-1722--Relations with Jesuits
Jesuits--China--History--16th-18th centuries
Jesuits--Missions--China--16th-18th centuries
Schall von Bell, Johann Adam 湯若望, 1592-1666--Biography
Buglio, Lodovico 利類思, 1606-1682
Magalhães, Gabriel de 安文思, 1610-1677
China--Officials and employees--Qing dynasty, 1644-1911
Chinese Rites controversy
Rec. TypeThesis/Dissertation (PDF)LanguageEnglish
CollectionRicci Institute LibraryRec. #19788