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Zhifang waiji 職方外紀. [Jap-Sin II, 19-20]
AuthorAleni, Giulio 艾儒略, 1582-1649
Yang Tingyun 楊廷筠, 1562-1627
Pub. LocationTaibei Shi 臺北市PublisherTaiwan xuesheng shuju 臺灣學生書局
Date1965Phys. Desc.v. 3 [pp. 1269-1496] ; 25 cm.
LocationCase X, and Digital ArchivesCall NumberBX880.L5 1965x v.3
Zhifang waiji 職方外紀: 5卷, 卷首1卷. / Ming Xiren Ai Rulüe yi 明西人艾儒略譯 ; Yang Tingyun ji 楊廷筠記. In Tianxue chuhan (1965) vol. 3

"....partly based on Giovanni Antonio Magini, ’Moderne tavole di geografia, dalle quali, secondo, che hoggidi si trova l’universo, vedesi la faccia del mondo, tutte le sue parti, provincie, regioni, e ciascuni suoi imperij, et altri dominij, con espositioni ampissime dell’eccellentiss., Sig. Gio. Ant. Magini padovano, lettore delle matematiche nel pubblico sutdio di Bologna. Tradotte dal R. D. Leonardo Cernoti vinitiano canonico di S. Salvadore’, Venezia, 1598."--Full textual citation see: Ad Dudink & Nicolas Standaert, Chinese Christian Texts Database (CCT-Database).

" ... best known of [his] works is the World Atlas compiled in collaboration with Yang Tingyun, based on the map of Matteo Ricci and some manuscript notes by Diego de Pantoja and Sabatino de Ursis. This compilation seems to have been undertaken at the same time as a terrestrial globe made in 1623 by Nicolò Longobardi and Manuel Dias, now in the British Museum ... the Atlas was engraved in 1623 in Hangzhou under the title Zhifang waiji (5 juan) and later (ca. 1640) 6 juan. First ed. included in the Tianxue chuhan, copied into the eighteenth-century Imperial Library (present ed.)...." Cf. Dictionary of Ming Biography, pp. 4-5.

Following source: Albert Chan, S.J., Chinese Books and Documents in the Jesuit Archives in Rome, pp. 299-301

JapSin II, 19
Zhifang waiji 職方外紀
By Ai Rulüe 艾儒略 (Giulio Aleni).
Six juan. Bamboo paper, two ce bound in one volume, European style. No date or place of publication. 18 x 27.5 cm.

The cover bears a label with only three characters left: 方外紀 ; the rest of the title (奉) 旨繙繹職 can still be traced.
There is a preface (four and one-half folio) by Ye Xianggao 葉向高 (1562–1627) of Futang 福唐 (Fujian), another preface (nine folios) by Li Zhizao 李之藻, dated Tianqi 3 (1623) and a third preface by Yang Tingyun 楊廷筠 (hao 泌園居士), with two printed seals in ink: 楊廷筠印 (seal characters cut in relief) and 鄭圃居士. Finally, there is a preface (three folios) by Aleni himself. There are two short introductions 小言 (both one and one-half folios), one by Qu Shigu 瞿式穀 and another by Xu Xuchen 許胥 of Qiantang 錢塘 (Zhejang). In juan 5 (folio 2r) there is a note (one and one-half folio) by Wang Yiqi 王一錡. There is a postscript (one and one-half folio) by Xiong Shiqi 熊士旂 of Jinxian 進賢 (Jiangxi).
On the top of folio 1 the title is given (職方外紀) and below the names of the author and of the collaborator (Yang Tingyun): 西海艾儒略增譯 | 東海楊廷筠彙記. Each half folio has nineteen columns with nineteen characters in each column. The title of the book is given in the middle of each folio, and below the fish tail the number of the chüan, the number of the folio and the title of the chapter.

The Zhifang waiji is a concise geography of the world, the first of this kind written in Chinese. After Ricci had presented the map of the world, Diego de Pantoja and Sabatino de Ursis were instructed by imperial order to compose a book which should give an explanation of Ricci’s map. Pantoja died in 1618 and his uncompleted task was taken up by Aleni. A great deal of matter was added to it and the book (five juan, cf. Jap-Sin II, 20.) was published in 1623 under Aleni’s name. The style of the book was polished by Yang Tingyun with whose help it was published in Hangzhou in 1623. A few years later (ca. 1626) another edition in six juan was published in Fujian, of which Jap-Sin II, 19 must be a copy.
In this book the globe is divided into the five continents of Asia, Europe, Libya (Africa), America and Magellanica, under which last name was included an extensive tract of land supposed to extend from close to South America to several degrees beyond the south pole. The description of Europe was given most of the attention (twenty-nine folios).
The first edition (1623) of the Zhifang waiji was included in the seventeenth-century Tianxue chuhan 天學初函, edited by Li Zhizao. It was later copied into the eighteenth century Imperial Library (Siku quanshu 四庫全書). It was reprinted in no fewer than three nineteenth-century encyclopedias: Mohai jinhu 墨海金壺, Shoushange congshu 守山閣叢書 and Waifan yudi congshu 外蕃輿地叢書, and in the Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編, published in the 1930’s. A new edition of the Zhifang waiji was published by the Hunan renmin chubanshe 湖南人民出版社 in 1981. It is included in the Cheng cha riji 乘差日記.

Cf. Pfister, p. 135, no. 24; Hsü 1949, pp. 313–317; Feng 1938, p. 160; Couplet, p. 17; BR, p. XXXIII; K. Enoki, “The geography of central Asia as described in Chih-fang wai-chi” (in Japanese) in Festschrift Honoring Prof S. Wada on his 70th Birthday (1963), p. 211; id., “Editions of the Chih-fang wai-chi” (in Japanese) in Festschrift Honoring Dr. H. Iwai on his 70th Birthday (1963), p. 136; Wylie, p. 58; DMB 1:5–6; Albert Chan, “The scientific writings of Giulio Aleni,” in: T. Lippiello & R. Malek (eds.), “Scholar from the West”: Giulio Aleni, S.J. (1582–1649) and the Dialogue Between China and Christianity (Monumenta Serica monograph series, XLII), Nettetal, 1997, pp. 455–478.

JapSin II, 20
Zhifang waiji 職方外紀
By Ai Rulüe 艾儒略 (Giulio Aleni).
Five juan. Bamboo paper in two ce, bound in one volume, European style. No date or place of publication. 16.8 x 27.5 cm.

The cover bears a label with the title of the book and a Latin inscription: “P. Julii Alenis | Cosmographia | Pars 1a and 2a.”
The title page is missing. The first preface (nine folios), dated 1623 (Tianqi 3, 癸亥), was written by Li Zhizao 李之藻, a second one (six folios) by Yang Tingyun 楊廷筠¸ a and a third one (two folios), dated 1623, by Aleni himself. There are two short introductions by Qu Shigu 瞿式穀 and Xu Xuchen 許胥臣 respectively.
The text contains five maps: the world (one folio), Asia (two folios), Europe (two folios), Africa (two folios) and North and South America including Magellanica (two folios).
The format of this book is the same as that of Jap-Sin II, 19, except that the block printing is clearer and that passages are marked with circles and dots, geographical and proper names with lines. Since the title page is missing, there is no way to identify this edition.

Dig. ed. local access only [Aleni-ZhifangWaiji.pdf]

Subject(s)Atlases, Chinese
Voyages and travels
Geographical myths
Historical geography
Geography--Early works to 1800
Rec. TypeBook (Text in Collection), and Digital Book (PDF)LanguageChinese 中文
CollectionRicci Institute LibraryRec. #392