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Sishu huowen 四書或問. [Jap-Sin I, 17.1]
AuthorZhu Xi 朱熹, 1130-1200
Pub. Location---PublisherMorunzhai 墨潤齋
Daten.d.Phys. Desc.39 j. in 6 ce ; n.d.
JapSin I, 17.1
Sishu huowen 四書或問.
By Zhu Xi 朱熹 (1130–1200).
Thirty-nine juan, six ce (ce 1–6). Morun zhai 墨潤齊 edition; bamboo paper.
The title page of ce 1 gives the original edition (Bailu dong), the title and the place of publication: 白鹿洞原本 | 朱子四書或問 | 墨潤齋藏板.
Ce 1 contains the Daxue 大學 huowen and the Zhongyong 中庸 huowen, each in one juan. Each half folio has twelve columns with twenty-one characters to each column.
At the beginning of ce 2, there is a preface to the Zhongyong jijie by Zhu Xi (two folios) and a preface by Tang Shunzhi 唐順之 (1507–1560). After the table of contents follows the book Zhongyong jilüe 中庸輯略 (juan A and B). There are twelve columns in each half folio. The main text consists of twenty-two characters to each column and twenty-one characters for the commentary.
Ce 3–4 give the first part (juan 1–10) and ce 5 the second part (juan 11–20) of the Lunyu huowen 論語或問.
Ce 6 gives the first and second part of the Mengzi huowen 孟子或問, all together in fourteen juan.
We are told that when Zhu Xi finished the Sishu jizhu (cf. Jap-Sin I, 10) he realized that many of the commentators of the Four Books did not always agree in the interpretation of different passages. He therefore wrote the Sishu huowen in the style of questions and answers to show why he preferred one interpretation to another. Each of the Four Books was finished at a different time and they do not carry the same weight. Zhu Xi spent much time, for instance, on the Daxue and went through minute corrections of it. Unlike the Sishu jizhu, the Sishu huowen was an unfinished work, in the sense that Zhu Xi never had the time to revise it. Hence in the nianpu 年譜 (biography arranged according to chronological order) of Zhu Xi it is said that he never showed the book to others. If publishers managed to lay hand on a manuscript which they published, Zhu never hesitated to recover the printing blocks through the district magistrate (cf. SKTY 1:722–723). Cf. TTSK, pp. 141–142.

Source: Albert Chan, SJ, Chinese Books and Documents in the Jesuit Archives in Rome, pp. 16-17.

Subject(s)Sishu 四書
Rec. TypeBookLanguageChinese 中文
CollectionARSIRec. #5285