|Shengci yuanyou ce 生祠緣由冊. [Jap-Sin I, (38/42) 39/2]|
|Author||Xia, Mathias 夏瑪第亞, fl. 1686|
|Pub. Location||Taibei 臺北||Publisher||Taipei Ricci Institute 利氏學社|
|Date||2002||Phys. Desc.||v.10, p. 43-66 ; 22 cm.|
|Location||Hallway Cases||Call Number||BX1665.A2 Y47 2002 v.10|
|Shengci yuanyou ce 生祠緣由冊 / [Xia Madiya zhu 夏瑪第亞著].|
JapSin I, (38/42) 39/2
Shengci yuanyou ce 生祠緣由冊.
By Mathias Xia 夏瑪第亞.
Manuscript, eleven folios. One volume. Chinese bamboo paper. 24 x 14 cm.
Mathias Xia wrote this treatise on the origin of the shrine in honor of a living person at the request of Francesco Saverio Filippucci (cf. 39/1).
The opening paragraph describes the origin of the shengci: when a government official had performed exceptional acts of benefit to the public, the people in order to show their gratitude erected a building in which they set up a tablet with the name and age of the official and on the first and fifteenth day of the month they would come together and pay him honor with incense and candles. In some cases they would even make a statue of the official. After his death the building was changed into a xianxianci 先賢祠 (memorial hall). New commemorative ceremonies would then begin. According to Xia, these were only ceremonies for the dead; they were by no means sacrifices to a deity. Xia then goes on to explain the nature of the shengci and cites different cases from the history of China.
At the end of the treatise there is an inscription which says: “This final copy is being made on the night of the twenty-ninth day of the tenth month in the twenty-fifth year of the Kangxi reign (14 December 1686) and I will send it to your reverence as was requested."
Source: Albert Chan, SJ, Chinese Books and Documents in the Jesuit Archives in Rome, pp. 40-41.